|Subordinating vs. Coordinating Conjunctions|
Coordinating conjunctions connect two clauses without changing word order. Each clause is a sentence that can stand on its own. Remember, the standard form of a main clause is Subect + Verb + Rest: (Ich habe kein Geld.). Alternately, you main clause may start with ONE element other than the subject, as long as the VERB comes directly afterword, followed by the subject (Kein Geld habe ich.)
(S=Subject, V=Verb, R=Rest, C=Conjunction)
Subordinating Conjunctions introduce “subordinate clauses” within a main clause. The subordinate clause has the conjugated verb at the end of the clause. The subordinate clause cannot exist as an independent sentence.
NOTE: The subordinate clause may also START a sentence. In this case the entire subordinating clause counts as the “First Position,” such that subject and verb of the main clause are inverted.
** Following the subordinatiing conjuction is always a NOUN (usually nominative/subject)
(Eg: ..., dass ich ...., weil du... ....., ob der Vater ....)
** There is ALWAYS a comma in front of the subordinating conjuction!